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OFAI-TR-2011-20 ( 343kB PDF file)

Music Similarity Estimation with the Mean-Covariance Restricted Boltzmann Machine

Jan Schlueter, Christian Osendorfer

Existing content-based music similarity estimation methods largely build on complex hand-crafted feature extractors, which are difficult to engineer. As an alternative, unsupervised machine learning allows to learn features empirically from data. We train a recently proposed model, the mean-covariance Restricted Boltzmann Machine, on music spectrogram excerpts and employ it for music similarity estimation. In k-NN based genre retrieval experiments on three datasets, it clearly outperforms MFCC-based methods, beats simple unsupervised feature extraction using k-Means and comes close to the stateof- the-art. This shows that unsupervised feature extraction poses a viable alternative to engineered features.

Keywords: Music Information Retrieval, Music Similarity, Boltzmann Machine

Citation: Schlueter J., Osendorfer C.: Music Similarity Estimation with the Mean-Covariance Restricted Boltzmann Machine, Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Machine Learning and Applications (ICMLA 2011), Honolulu, USA, 2011.